Rules for the correct pronunciation of the -s/-es ending.
The sounds /s/ /z/ or /ɪz/ (plural nouns and third person singular -s)
If a word ends with the sounds /s/, /z/, /ʒ/, /ʃ/ /tʃ/ or /dʒ/ the final -s is pronounced /iz/.
If a word ends with any other voiceless consonant sound (/p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, or /θ/), the final –s is pronounced /s/.
If a word ends with any other voiced consonant sound (/b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /d/, /l/, /r/, /m/, /n/, or /ŋ/), or a vowel sound, the final –s is pronounced /z/.
Exercise 1: How are these verbs pronounced?
Exercice 2 : Pronunciation in [z] and [s]
All vowels (plays, sees, goes)
[p] (stops) /s/
[k] (talks) /s/
[dʒ] (Georges) /iz/
[l] (calls) /z/
[m] (rams) /z/
[n] (learns) /z/
[r] (blurs) /z/
[g] (bangs) /z/
[v] (receives) /z/
[b] (robs) /z/
[r] (measures) /z/
[g] (hangs) /z/
Exercice 3: try to pronounce correctly these words :
Samuel doesn’t like to go to school because:
• His mother keeps him at home to give him kisses
• He watches naked women on television late at night
• His girlfriend always calls him to wash the dishes
• He drinks too many bottles of whisky before sleeping
• He misses the bus every morning
• He goes to too many house parties and never knows where he will wake up in the morning
Pronunciation of word ending in ed
- When an infinitive verb finishes with the sound [t] or [d] then, we have to add the syllable of the past participle [id]
- Wanted[id], regarded[id], calculated[id], added[id]
- When the last sound of the word vibrates in vocal cord, we have to pronounce the «ed» like a sound [d]
- Ruled[d], died[d], fined[d], arranged[d]
- When the last sound of the word doesn’t vibrate in vocal cord, then it is pronounced [t]
- Hoped[t], hacked[t],
- focused[t], wished[t]
- The policeman arrested the man who is considered to be the one who had hacked the government server
- Judges called boys who purchased a lot of drugs They decided to buy mathematics books
- He was expected to have added something.
- Raised, focused, introduced, picked.