Pronunciation of words ending in S and ED

Pronunciation of words ending in S and ED


Rules for the correct pronunciation of the -s/-es ending.

The sounds /s/ /z/ or /ɪz/ (plural nouns and third person singular -s)

Rule 1

If a word ends with the sounds /s/, /z/, /ʒ/, /ʃ/ /tʃ/ or /dʒ/ the final -s is pronounced /iz/.

Rule 2

If a word ends with any other voiceless consonant sound (/p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, or /θ/), the final s is pronounced /s/.

Rule 3

If a word ends with any other voiced consonant sound (/b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /d/, /l/, /r/, /m/, /n/, or /ŋ/), or a vowel sound, the final –s is pronounced /z/.


Exercise 1: How are these verbs pronounced?

reaches /iz/

Hopes /s/

Watches /iz/

Fixes /iz/

Remembers /z/

Kisses /iz/

rises /iz/

Expects /s/

Tries /z/

Drives /z/

Wishes /iz/

Works /s/


Exercice 2 : Pronunciation in [z] and [s]

All vowels (plays, sees, goes)

[p] (stops) /s/

[k] (talks) /s/

[dʒ] (Georges) /iz/

[l] (calls) /z/

[m] (rams) /z/

[n] (learns) /z/

[r] (blurs) /z/

[g] (bangs) /z/

[v] (receives) /z/

[b] (robs) /z/

[r] (measures) /z/

[g] (hangs) /z/


Exercice 3: try to pronounce correctly these words :

Samuel doesn’t like to go to school because:

•         His mother keeps him at home to give him kisses

•         He watches naked women on television late at night

•         His girlfriend always calls him to wash the dishes

•         He drinks too many bottles of whisky before sleeping

•         He misses the bus every morning

•         He goes to too many house parties and never knows where he will wake up in the morning

Pronunciation of word ending in ed

  • When an infinitive verb finishes with the sound [t] or [d] then, we have to add the syllable of the past participle [id]
    • Wanted[id],  regarded[id],  calculated[id], added[id]
  • When the last sound of the word vibrates in vocal cord, we have to pronounce the «ed» like a sound [d]
    • Ruled[d], died[d], fined[d], arranged[d]
  • When the last sound of the word doesn’t vibrate in vocal cord, then it is pronounced [t]
    • Hoped[t], hacked[t],
    • focused[t], wished[t]


  1. The policeman arrested the man who is considered to be the one who had hacked the government server
  2. Judges called boys who purchased a lot of drugs They decided to buy mathematics books
  3. He was expected to have added something.
  4. Raised, focused, introduced, picked.