UNIT 4: /ə/ and /ɜ:/

UNIT 4: /ə/ and /ɜ:/

SHARE

CHAPTER 1: Vowels

UNIT 4: /ə/ and /ɜ:/

I. Sounds

Practice reading the sounds below.

/ə/

WordIPASound
woman/wʊmən/ 
sofa/soʊfə/ 
extra/ekstrə/ 

Open your mouth a little. Take notice that the lips are relaxed.
 

Tongue is placed at the center of the mouth.

/ɜ:/

WordIPASound
bird/bɜːrd/ 
girl/gɜːrl/ 
work/wɜːrk/ 

Open your mouth a little. Take notice that the lips are slightly rounder than the one on the left.

Tongue should move upwards.

II. Practice: Sounds in Words

Listen and Repeat.

WordIPASound
autumn/ɒtəm/ 
color/kʌlər/ 
afternoon/æftərnuːn/ 
vegetable/vedʒtəbl/ 
melon/melən/ 
album/ælbəm/ 
breakfast/brekfəst/ 
letter/letər/ 
ago/əɡoʊ/ 
cover/kʌvər/ 
person/pɜːrsən/ 
daughter/dɒtər/ 
corner/kɔːrnər/ 
alone/əloʊn/ 
address/ədres/ 
partner/pɑːrtnər/ 
WordIPASound
earn/ɜːrn/ 
hurt/hɜːrt/ 
learn/lɜːrn/ 
purse/pɜːrs/ 
shirt/ʃɜːrt/ 
early/ɜːrli/ 
burger/bɜːrgər/ 
church/tʃɜːrtʃ/ 
sir/sɜːr/ 
circle/sɜːrkəl/ 
dessert/dɪzɜːrt/ 
world/wɜːrld/ 
furniture/fɜːrnɪtʃər/ 
girlfriend/gɜːrlfrend/ 
homework/hoʊmwɜːrk/ 
nurse/nɜːrs/ 

III. Practice: Words in Sentences

Read the following sentences, focusing on the words in RED.
/ə/
1. He sits on a sofa.
2. The woman is a model.
3. My favorite season is autumn.
4. I will meet Jenna this afternoon.
/ɜ:/
5. The bird is making a nest.
6. The girl is wearing a fur coat.
7. I am wearing a blue shirt.
8. Allen and Joy work in an office.

IV. Application 1: Let’s Talk

Practice having a conversation with someone.
Tutor: I bought a purse.
Student: That’s a pretty purse.
Tutor: Thank you! Did you buy anything?
Student: Yes, I bought a shirt.
Tutor: That’s a nice color!
Student: You think so? I had to choose between the color red or blue.
Tutor: You made the right choice. I hope it’s not expensive.
Student: It’s okay. I worked hard to earn the money for it!

V. Practice: Tongue Twisters

1. I walked away alone.
I was ashamed after spilling soda on the sofa.
2. The early worms heard the early birds.
Some curled into circles, some hid in the earth..

SHARE
Previous articleUNIT 3: /i:/ and /ɪ/
Next articleUNIT 5: /ɔː/ and /ɒ/